This book thoroughly examines the nonlinear phenomena of the shedding in the wake and the fluid forces on a cylinder and how they depend on its oscillatory motion when they are synchronized (or locked) or nonsynchronized with the oscillation. The effect of the oscillation orientation and pattern is significant and result in very different synchronization modes. The book also discusses and develops reduced-order models based on nonlinear ordinary-differential equations or nonlinear algebraic equations, which produce the lift and drag coefficients on a cylinder or a cylinder-like structure. Computational fluid dynamics, analytical approaches, high-order spectral analysis, and modern techniques of nonlinear dynamics are used heavily as powerful tools throughout the book.
This book studies various effects related to the excitation of surface plasmons in different kinds of plasmonic nanostructures. We start with a general introduction of the field of plasmonics in Chapter 1, where we discuss both propagating surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) and localized surface plasmons (LSPs), and how they are related to each other through Bohr condition. In Chapter 2 we demonstrate a new mechanism to achieve complete spectral gaps without periodicity along the propagation direction based on the coupling of backward and forward modes supported by plasmonic nanostructures. In Chapter 3 we introduce the concept of plasmonic potentials and demonstrate how to obtain different kinds of potentials for SPPs in various modulated metal-dielectric-metal structures. We further show efficient beam shaping in such potentials. In Chapter 4 we study scattering pattern shaping involving optically-induced magnetic responses within nanoparticles. We have achieved both unidirectional forward scattering with individual core-shell nanoparticles and polarization-independent Fano resonances in such nanparticle arrays. At the end we discuss the challenges and future developments.
Data mining is a treatment process to extract useful and interesting knowledge from large amount of data. The knowledge modes data mining discovered have a variety of different types. The common patterns are: association mode, classification model, class model, sequence pattern and so on. Mining association rules is one of the most important aspects in data mining. Association rules are dependency rules which predict occurrence of an item based on occurrences of other items. The process of building the Semantic Web is currently an area of high activity. Its structure has to be defined, and this structure then has to be filled with life. Cloud computing is a highly touted recent phenomenon. The cloud may move data or computation to improve responsiveness. Some clouds monitor their offerings for malicious activity Visualization. Hardware resources in clouds are usually Virtual, they are shared by multiple users to improve efficiency. This book deals technique of association rules mining in semantic web based data cloud. KEY FEATURES: Explains the basic knowledge of cloud computing, Data & web mining. Provides Concept of Association rules & Algorithm for mining Association Rules.
The proliferation of institutional care for children makes it increasingly imperative to understand the exact nature of services that these facilities provide and the impact they have on children. Although cyclically embraced as a promising alternative for children in foster care, there has been growing concern about its impact on children, especially the young ones below the age of six years. This study determined the impact of living conditions on infant feeding and growth patterns for such young children in Lusaka Urban. Evidence from the study sampled of 280 young children showed that the impact of living conditions on child survival prospects was only significantly associated with one out of the five child development outcomes investigated, namely: child feeding pattern for the first six months of life. Young children who were under residential care were more likely to be appropriately fed than those who were home-based (RR = 0.80, 95 % CI 0.66, 0.96). In essence,intensification of feeding counseling and integrated growth monitoring promotion were required for caregivers under both modes of care, but more so for children who were home-based.
The book deals with the problem of bearing capacity and the fracture of thermally loaded bodies. The treatise is based on extensive experimental and technological data from materials development processes for high-temperature nuclear reactors and aerospace nuclear-rocket engines. Theoretical principles of crack interaction kinetics in non-uniform stress fields and rearrangement of stresses in thermally loaded finite bodies are treated. Electron-beam, induction and ion beam techniques are applied to measure thermal stress resistance. The main regularities of fracture at various modes of local, combined and cyclic thermal loading in a wide temperature range are considered. A new approach to estimate the crack pattern and the bearing capacity of bodies in inhomogeneous fields of thermal and residual stresses is developed on the basis of fracture mechanics. The method can be used to study the fracture behaviour of a surface at local heating and applied strain. The crucial factors influencing thermal shock fracture of fissured and functionally graded materials are indicated. Changes in the thermal stress resistance of carbides (ZrC, NbC, and SiC), graphite containing materials, Si3N4, Y2O3, Sc2O3 Al2O3 and sapphire single crystals, composites and their structural parameters can be studied with this method. The book provides up-to-date information on the physical mechanical properties of refractory compounds and practical recommendations on possible technological improvements of their thermal-stress resistance.
This book develops the understanding and skills needed to be able to tackle original control problems. The general approach to a given control problem is to try the simplest tentative solution first and, when this is insufficient, to explain why and use a more sophisticated alternative to remedy the deficiency and achieve satisfactory performance. This pattern of working gives readers a full understanding of different controllers and teaches them to make an informed choice between traditional controllers and more advanced modern alternatives in meeting the needs of a particular plant. Attention is focused on the time domain, covering model-based linear and nonlinear forms of control together with robust control based on sliding modes and the use of state observers such as disturbance estimation.Feedback Control is self-contained, paying much attention to explanations of underlying concepts, with detailed mathematical derivations being employed where necessary. Ample use is made of diagrams to aid these conceptual explanations and the subject matter is enlivened by continual use of examples and problems derived from real control applications. Readers' learning is further enhanced by experimenting with the fully-commented MATLAB®/Simulink® simulation environment made accessible at insert URL here to produce simulations relevant to all of the topics covered in the text. A solutions manual for use by instructors adopting the book can also be downloaded from insert URL here.Feedback Control is suitable as a main textbook for graduate and final-year undergraduate courses containing control modules, knowledge of ordinary linear differential equations, Laplace transforms, transfer functions, poles and zeros, root locus and elementary frequency response analysis, and elementary feedback control is required. It is also a useful reference source on control design methods for engineers practicing in industry and for academic control researchers.
'The finest translation in and for our time'(Kevin Crossley-Holland)Sir Gawain and The Green Knight, with its intricate plot of enchantment and betrayal is probably the most skilfully told story in the whole of the English Arthurian cycle. Originating from the north-west midlands of England, it is based on two separate and very ancient Celtic motifs of the Beheading and the Exchange of Winnings, brought together by the anonymous 14th century poet. His telling comprehends a great variety of moods and modes - from the stark realism of the hunt-scenes tothe delicious and dangerous bedroom encounters between Lady Bercilak and Gawain, from moments of pure lyric beauty when he evokes the English countryside in all its seasons, to authorial asides that are full of irony and puckish humour. This new verse translation uses a modern alliterative pattern whichsubtly echoes the music of the original at the same time as it strives for fidelity.ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.
This book answers the call for New Urbanization, and proposes a &#8220;5+9+6&#8221; national spatial layout plan for the urbanization of the 770 major cities in China. This macro pattern is based on a few major metropolises at the center, and other cities supporting and benefitting from these metropolises to form a pyramid-like urban hierarchical system. The book also presents a comprehensive regionalization plan for China&#8217;s New Urbanization and strategic approaches to improving the quality of this New Urbanization. Currently, China is aggressively promoting a so-called New Urbanization, which has been regarded as one of the primary ways to build a moderately prosperous society, to address critical issues related to agriculture, rural regions and farmers, to expand domestic demand and promote industrial innovation, and to realize the China Dream. From a systematic perspective and using recently released urban data, the authors analyze the current status of New Urbanization in China and also investigate the various potential problems and obstacles to its concrete implementation. Based on the analyses and investigations, the authors propose strategic directions, paths and basic principles for China&#8217;s New Urbanization. In addition, they clearly identify the three different modes of New Urbanization, namely, the general mode, differentiated mode, and gradual mode. Today, many scholars argue that China&#8217;s urban regions are experiencing a highly unsustainable mode of development. Chinese cities are heavily burdened by the so-called &#8220;urban diseases,&#8221; which are characterized e.g. by congested traffic, polluted water and air, and a lack of open and green spaces. Traditional urbanization, which primarily focuses on economic development, must be fundamentally reformed. New Urbanization, which focuses on integrated economic development, social integration and space/environmental sustainability, or simply put, on the quality of urbanization, has been called for to provide a potential &#8220;cure&#8221; for these urban diseases. Due to the vastness of China&#8217;s population and its rapidly growing economic, political and cultural relationships with the rest of the world, the book demonstrates that the success of this New Urbanization is critical not only to the future of urban China, but also the future of urbanization worldwide. The book offers a valuable reference work for all researchers, graduate student and policy makers interested in China&#8217;s urban development.
The Schema Therapy Clinician's Guide is a complete clinical resource for psychotherapists looking to implement schema therapy, group schema therapy or a combination of both in a structured, cost-effective way. Written by world leaders in the field, including the creators of group schema therapy, this book is based on the only model for integrated, time-limited schema therapy that has been proven in research studies. Accessible for schema therapy beginners, the book will also be invaluable for group or individual therapists interested in combining the two approaches, and for clinicians seeking ready-made resources for work on specific schema modes. The authors provide ready-to-use individual and group sessions with patient hand-outs, independently effective but also linked by schema mode, that can be delivered across a range of treatment lengths. It divides the work of Schema therapy into its basic components of cognitive, experiential and behavioral pattern-breaking work, focusing on one of these components at a time in sessions. Readers can thus select the formats and modes that are most appropriate for the needs of their own patient group and then use those sessions as a basis for planning and delivering a treatment program. Ways to balance individual and group focus are discussed throughout.